The impact of native versus introduced livestock in the Chimborazo Faunal Production Reserve, Ecuador

World Region
Outcomes
,

Ecuador’s Chimborazo Faunal Production Reserve is a protected area that encourages the use of indigenous domestication animals by local populations within its boundaries. Domesticated Llamas have lived in the Ecuadorian highlands for at least 1500 yearswhile remnant populations have survived in the region, Alpacas were extirpated by the introduction of European cattle horses, sheep and […]

Adaptions by Andean Camelids to tropical highland systems

World Region

Camelids are adapted to the Andean region; the “altitude sickness” that strikes many introduced species (such as cattle) does not affect them (Branchero et al., 1971, and Sillao et al., 1972, as quoted in JUNAC, 1990). They cause less damage to the grasslands since they bite off their forage (Wheeler, 1982, as quoted in JUNAC, […]

Genetic resources of Neuquen criollo goats in Patagonia

World Region
,
Interventions

Neuquén are small, hardy goats raised by small-scale herders in a transhumance system under cold, semi-arid conditions. Their area is contiguous with Chile which, until border closure, was a source of genetic exchange as well as a major market for goat products. Herder families are now settled while herds continue to migrate on their transhumance […]

Agrobiodiversity of maize landraces in cultural landscapes

World Region
Threat
,
Outcomes
, , ,
Interventions
,

Landraces of major food plants, such as maize, provide agroecological and consumption resources within cultural landscapes that can support social-ecological resilience, in situ conservation, and ecosystem services. Locally This study addressed the major agroecological functions and food-related services of agrobiodiversity in Andean maize landraces, and their relationship to cultural landscapes and associated knowledge systems. Results […]

Mycorrhizal enhancement in Peruvian potato production

World Region
Interventions

The influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) [two Peruvian mixed isolates, a pure isolate of Glomus intraradices] and the flavonoid, formononetin, were tested on growth, yield, and leaf elemental concentration of the Peruvian potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) ‘Yungay’. Non-AMF plants at low P had the poorest growth, while high P plants had the greatest overall […]

Removal of lianas through Reduced Impact Logging can minimize harvest impacts

World Region
Outcomes

Long term increases in liana abundance have been recorded in many undisturbed neotropical forests; lianas are also a characteristic feature of disturbed and secondary forests. Changes have been attributed to faster growth following heightened atmospheric carbon levels and ambient temperatures. Lianas create obstacles in the harvest of forest trees and generally lead to greater levels […]

Silvics as a strategy to maintain and enhance adaptive capacity of forest trees

World Region
Outcomes
, , ,
Interventions

Enhancing the adaptive capacity of natural and planted forests is important to decrease the vulnerability of those whose livelihoods depend on forest goods and services. Management for adaptation also helps to reinforce the role of tropical forests in climate change mitigation through sequestration, whereas large scale die-offs of poorly adapted forest trees could actually shift […]

Local varieties and high yielding cultivars co-exist in traditional farming systems

World Region
, ,
Outcomes
, ,
Interventions
,

In situ conservation is an important strategy to maintain traditional and locally adapted varieties, particularly in their centers of domestication. Local farmers in different regions have demonstrated that landraces can coexist with high yielding varieties, particulary in highly heterogenous environments and cultures with local preferences for diversity. Particularly in centers of crop domestication and diversity, […]

Shifting from cattle ranching to Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems in Amazonia

World Region
Outcomes
, , ,
Interventions
,

A grazing system based on one species (Brachiaria brizantha, representing 90% of sown grass in Amazoni)  with Nelore zebu cattle, is adapted to marginal regions with little need for inputs, but income per hectare remains low. Integrated Crop and Livestock Systems in Amazonia can generate higher income per ha and stop deforestation. The system, which involves […]

Quechua Farmers’ Innovation for Resilience

World Region
Threat

Small-scale farmers and indigenous peoples have developed new tools and strategies to cope with their harsh environments – resilient crop varieties, genetically diverse seed systems and resource-conserving technologies. Many of these could prove vital in the effort to adapt agriculture to climate change. Through participatory action-research, tools development and capacity building, Within the global project […]