The impact of native versus introduced livestock in the Chimborazo Faunal Production Reserve, Ecuador

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Ecuador’s Chimborazo Faunal Production Reserve is a protected area that encourages the use of indigenous domestication animals by local populations within its boundaries. Domesticated Llamas have lived in the Ecuadorian highlands for at least 1500 yearswhile remnant populations have survived in the region, Alpacas were extirpated by the introduction of European cattle horses, sheep and […]

Genetic resources of Neuquen criollo goats in Patagonia

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Neuquén are small, hardy goats raised by small-scale herders in a transhumance system under cold, semi-arid conditions. Their area is contiguous with Chile which, until border closure, was a source of genetic exchange as well as a major market for goat products. Herder families are now settled while herds continue to migrate on their transhumance […]

Operation Pollinator: establishing and managing pollen-rich habitats

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Operation Pollinator is an international 5-year biodiversity programme initiated by the agro-business company Syngenta. The programme aims to boost the number of pollinating insects on commercial farms by creating specific habitats, tailored to local conditions and native insects. Operation Pollinator is informed by scientific research and experience of selected farmers, and has helped growers to […]

Landscape scale coordination to promote functional biodiversity for pest regulation in Belgium

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The SOLABIO project brought together 27 stakeholders from Flemish and Dutch provinces to prevent loss of biodiveristy and the degradation of valuable landscapes, through a wide range of activities. These included: targeting crop and non-crop habitats, including the establishment of field margins; planting of annual flower strips to attract natural enemies and pollinators, and grassy […]

Planting trees for the sustainable management of marginal lands: the case of eucalyptus in Ethiopia

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In northern Ethiopia, eucalyptus is the most commonly observed tree species in community and household woodlots. In an environment suffering from biomass and water shortages, erosion and land degradation, fast growing and resilient eucalyptus perform better than most indigenous tree species. Smallholders show a clear preference for eucalyptus poles, which are useful for farm implements […]

Enhancing adaptive capacity of plantation forests

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Frost damage accounts for the 14% of mortality in reforestations in the Mexican western State of Michoacán.  Near Morelia, capital of the State of Michoacán, western México, the species occurs between 1600 m to 2450 m of altitude on the Neovolcanic Axis slopes, mixing with P. oocarpa at the lower limit of the altitudinal distribution […]

Removal of lianas through Reduced Impact Logging can minimize harvest impacts

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Long term increases in liana abundance have been recorded in many undisturbed neotropical forests; lianas are also a characteristic feature of disturbed and secondary forests. Changes have been attributed to faster growth following heightened atmospheric carbon levels and ambient temperatures. Lianas create obstacles in the harvest of forest trees and generally lead to greater levels […]

Silvics as a strategy to maintain and enhance adaptive capacity of forest trees

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Enhancing the adaptive capacity of natural and planted forests is important to decrease the vulnerability of those whose livelihoods depend on forest goods and services. Management for adaptation also helps to reinforce the role of tropical forests in climate change mitigation through sequestration, whereas large scale die-offs of poorly adapted forest trees could actually shift […]

Shifting cultivation and agrobiodiversity in Vanuatu

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In Vanuatu, farmers prefer to work numerous small fields in different locations and as a mechanism to cope with hurricane and pest damage. Shifting cultivation, a widespread cultivation system in the tropics, is also practiced and helps to maintain a high diversity of primary and subsidiary crops. 297 fields in 6 villages were measured and […]

Silviculture as a tool to manage the genetic diversity of forest trees

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Trees are the most genetically variable organisms on earth – genetic diversity is of particular importance to the health of forest trees which have limited mobility, a long maturation phase and are long lived, exposing them to greater climatic variability in the course of their lifespans.  Particularly important is the presence of rare alleles, which […]