Enhancing tilapia polycultures through better farm scale integration in Bangladesh

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Linkages between the fish ponds and surrounding land for horticulture are a distinctive feature of farming households in Bangladesh. It was hypothesised that integration of fish ponds in integrated farming system enhances livelihoods and reduces poverty. The effects of introducing tilapia into existing integrated farming systems on the broader pond-dike system and associated livelihoods in […]

Fish farming and food security in Central Cameroon

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Over 5 years of participatory on-farm research, market access, profitability, farming systems productivity and economic sustainability were compared on 100 small-scale farms in Central Cameroon. Integration technology based on the use of agricultural by-products as fishpond inputs was the driver for intensification. Over all farms, fishpond productivity increased from 498 kg to 1609 kg fish/ha […]

Shifting from cattle ranching to Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems in Amazonia

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A grazing system based on one species (Brachiaria brizantha, representing 90% of sown grass in Amazoni)  with Nelore zebu cattle, is adapted to marginal regions with little need for inputs, but income per hectare remains low. Integrated Crop and Livestock Systems in Amazonia can generate higher income per ha and stop deforestation. The system, which involves […]

Diversification for Food Security around Lake Victoria

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In the communities around Lake Victoria, Kenya, diversified farms oscillate between activities in fishing, farming and livestock herding. These activities have become inextricably linked over many generations, with positive impacts upon household nutritional security.

Diversification in Galician Fishing Communities

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In Northeastern Spain, artisanal Galician fisheries utilize a number of strategies in their fishing activities and livelihoods. These include: drawing upon a diversity of species fishing in a diversity of locations utilizing a diversity of fishing gear The seasonal income that fishing provides supplements the incomes of a range of people in other professions ranging […]

Farmer to Farmer Networks Facilitate the Spread of Green Manure

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In Nicaragua, the spread of simple technologies through farmer to farmer networks such as the campesino a campesino movement have facilitated the recovery of degraded land. In the San Juan Watershed, farmers have adopted cover cropping with velvetbean.  This has reduced utilization of chemical fertilizers by nearly 80% (from 1,900 kg/ha to only 400 kg/ha), while increasing […]

Benefits of Tithonia in Western Kenya

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In Western Kenya, about 4000 farmers are enriching their farms with biomass from Tithonia, a wild sunflower that grows abundantly in hedgerows and along roadsides. Tithonia biomass contains high concentrations of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, and decomposes rapidly. This has led to tremendous impacts on yields of maize and other high value crops such as […]

Cattle Fattening in Mixed Production Systems Improves Incomes in the Philippines

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This paper highlights the objectives, methodology and results of a series of on-farm experiments on crop-animal systems in the rainfed lowland environment. Starting with simple component technology research on rice and upland crops, the cropping pattern at the on-farm site changed from a dominant rice – fallow to a rice – mungbean pattern. Subsequent trials […]

Poverty reduction in coconut growing communities.

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The Asian Development Bank and Bioversity’s International Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) partnered in an endeavour linking PGR conservation and poverty reduction in eight Asia Pacific countries to prove that “coconut farmers need not be poor”.  The project consisted of developing, deploying, testing and promoting promising coconut-based income-generating technologies in poor coconut growing communities to increase income and reduce […]

Cover Crops and Green Manure Boosts Maize Yields

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In Santa Catarina, Brazil, extension service EPAGRI works with more than 38000  farmers to improve soil and water conservation in over 60 micro-watersheds using contour grass barriers, contour ploughing and green manures. Sixty different cover crop species have been tested, including leguminous plants (velvetbean, jackbean, lablab, cowpeas, vetches, crotalarias) and non-legumes (oats, turnips). These are […]