Enhancing tilapia polycultures through better farm scale integration in Bangladesh

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Linkages between the fish ponds and surrounding land for horticulture are a distinctive feature of farming households in Bangladesh. It was hypothesised that integration of fish ponds in integrated farming system enhances livelihoods and reduces poverty. The effects of introducing tilapia into existing integrated farming systems on the broader pond-dike system and associated livelihoods in […]

Fish farming and food security in Central Cameroon

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Over 5 years of participatory on-farm research, market access, profitability, farming systems productivity and economic sustainability were compared on 100 small-scale farms in Central Cameroon. Integration technology based on the use of agricultural by-products as fishpond inputs was the driver for intensification. Over all farms, fishpond productivity increased from 498 kg to 1609 kg fish/ha […]

Agrobiodiversity of maize landraces in cultural landscapes

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Landraces of major food plants, such as maize, provide agroecological and consumption resources within cultural landscapes that can support social-ecological resilience, in situ conservation, and ecosystem services. Locally This study addressed the major agroecological functions and food-related services of agrobiodiversity in Andean maize landraces, and their relationship to cultural landscapes and associated knowledge systems. Results […]

Adoption of sweet potato for food and feed in mixed crop-livestock systems

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Mixed crop–livestock systems have a crucial role to play in meeting the agricultural production chal- lenges of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. Sweet potato is seen as a potential remedial crop for these farmers because of its high productivity and low input requirements, while its usefulness for both food and feed (dual-purpose) make it attractive […]

Local varieties and high yielding cultivars co-exist in traditional farming systems

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In situ conservation is an important strategy to maintain traditional and locally adapted varieties, particularly in their centers of domestication. Local farmers in different regions have demonstrated that landraces can coexist with high yielding varieties, particulary in highly heterogenous environments and cultures with local preferences for diversity. Particularly in centers of crop domestication and diversity, […]

Shifting from cattle ranching to Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems in Amazonia

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A grazing system based on one species (Brachiaria brizantha, representing 90% of sown grass in Amazoni)  with Nelore zebu cattle, is adapted to marginal regions with little need for inputs, but income per hectare remains low. Integrated Crop and Livestock Systems in Amazonia can generate higher income per ha and stop deforestation. The system, which involves […]

Diversification for Food Security around Lake Victoria

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In the communities around Lake Victoria, Kenya, diversified farms oscillate between activities in fishing, farming and livestock herding. These activities have become inextricably linked over many generations, with positive impacts upon household nutritional security.

Diversification in Galician Fishing Communities

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In Northeastern Spain, artisanal Galician fisheries utilize a number of strategies in their fishing activities and livelihoods. These include: drawing upon a diversity of species fishing in a diversity of locations utilizing a diversity of fishing gear The seasonal income that fishing provides supplements the incomes of a range of people in other professions ranging […]

Minor millets provide food security during drought

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The long history of minor millet cultivation and its spread to different regions of the world that are notable for extremely harsh farming conditions generated considerable genetic variability in these crops. Eight minor millet crops grown in different regions of Africa, Asia and Eurasia are finger millet (Eleusine coracana), proso millet (Panicum miliaceum), little millet […]

Adoption of Aquaculture Boosts Household Income and Consumption

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  Aquaculture is the fastest growing food producing sub-sector in the world, particularly in developing countries, with total aquaculture production nearly tripling between 1987 and 1999. In Asia, widespread adoption of aquaculture on traditional farms have demonstrated improved productivity, and additional sources of income and nutrition for the household. Aquaculture contributes to food and nutritional […]