Adapting to climate-driven fishstock fluctuations in African inland fisheries

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The contribution of fish production from inland production has risen from less than 25% in 1951 to 41% in 1994. These fish stocks are climate-driven and cannot be stabilized using conventional fisheries management measures. However, the livelihood strategies of fisherfolk are adapted to seasonal and inter-annual climate-induced fluctuations. State management, which fails to recognize the […]

Diversification for Food Security around Lake Victoria

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In the communities around Lake Victoria, Kenya, diversified farms oscillate between activities in fishing, farming and livestock herding. These activities have become inextricably linked over many generations, with positive impacts upon household nutritional security.

Diversification in Galician Fishing Communities

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In Northeastern Spain, artisanal Galician fisheries utilize a number of strategies in their fishing activities and livelihoods. These include: drawing upon a diversity of species fishing in a diversity of locations utilizing a diversity of fishing gear The seasonal income that fishing provides supplements the incomes of a range of people in other professions ranging […]

Retaining flexibility in Danish small-scale fisheries

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Family fishery operations are able to maintain flexibility through employing a number of different strategies. These include diversification of target species, gear types and fishing areas, buffering income uncertainties with supplier credits, diversifying into other types of employment or wage labor, and drawing upon community networks for cheap and unpaid assistance during times of need.

Micro-loans May Increase Debt Following Crop Losses in Zimbabwe

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In the Chivi District of Zimbabwe, complexities of local conditions can undermine development efforts in semi-arid mixed farming areas. Effective interventions to address poverty require integrated, long term interventions that work at multiple levels to expand economic opportunities and empower people. Micro-credit loans of between US$13 and US$79 were made available to households, which facilitated […]

Forest Dependence and Rural Livelihoods in East Kalimantan

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The changing role of forests in people’s livelihoods in frontier areas is important from the perspective of poverty alleviation and forest conservation. This study explores the link between expanding economic opportunities, forest dependence, and welfare in 73 villages. Village economic options, forest cover, and land suitability for agriculture and forestry are determining factors of people’s […]

Cattle Fattening in Mixed Production Systems Improves Incomes in the Philippines

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This paper highlights the objectives, methodology and results of a series of on-farm experiments on crop-animal systems in the rainfed lowland environment. Starting with simple component technology research on rice and upland crops, the cropping pattern at the on-farm site changed from a dominant rice – fallow to a rice – mungbean pattern. Subsequent trials […]

Aquaculture for African Smallholders

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In drought prone Malawi, integrated fishponds on farms had the effect of improving household incomes by an average of 600%. Ponds could yield up to 1500 kg/ha/yr of tilapia. Fish polycultures can significantly improve pond productivity when fish with complimentary diets are cultured together.    

Poverty reduction in coconut growing communities.

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The Asian Development Bank and Bioversity’s International Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) partnered in an endeavour linking PGR conservation and poverty reduction in eight Asia Pacific countries to prove that “coconut farmers need not be poor”.  The project consisted of developing, deploying, testing and promoting promising coconut-based income-generating technologies in poor coconut growing communities to increase income and reduce […]

Livelihood Diversification as a Coping Response to Drought in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe

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Different types of households employ a wide range of livelihood diversification strategies in the drought-prone village of Kezi in South Extension, Matabeleland in Zimbabwe.  Prior to drought, income from crop and livestock production were the dominant sources of income.  In coping with drought, most frequently encountered livelihood diversification strategies included remittances, caterpillars, bricks, petty trade, beer, […]