Operation Pollinator: establishing and managing pollen-rich habitats

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Operation Pollinator is an international 5-year biodiversity programme initiated by the agro-business company Syngenta. The programme aims to boost the number of pollinating insects on commercial farms by creating specific habitats, tailored to local conditions and native insects. Operation Pollinator is informed by scientific research and experience of selected farmers, and has helped growers to […]

Utilizing functional agrobiodiversity for pest control in the Netherlands

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The Hoeksche Waard is a 26,500 ha area of polder south of the city of Rotterdam in The Netherlands.The main objective of farmers is to become less dependent on the use of (synthetic) insecticides by strength- ening the ecosystem service of pest control. To this end, annual and perennial field margins have been established, scouting of […]

Crop-Livestock Management in Slopeland areas of the Philippines

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In the Philippines, cropland makes up a third of the total land area – nearly 2/3s of the land area is upland and erosion prone. These croplands have been trditionally monocrops of rice, corn, sugarcane and coconut. Approximately 60% of the land is considered eroded and the country continues losing soil at the rate of […]

Planting trees for the sustainable management of marginal lands: the case of eucalyptus in Ethiopia

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In northern Ethiopia, eucalyptus is the most commonly observed tree species in community and household woodlots. In an environment suffering from biomass and water shortages, erosion and land degradation, fast growing and resilient eucalyptus perform better than most indigenous tree species. Smallholders show a clear preference for eucalyptus poles, which are useful for farm implements […]

Self Sufficiency through Integrated Crop Livestock Systems in Brittany

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In grassland plots, synergies between grasses and legumes benefit biomass production, while grazing animals fulfill three functions; harvest and distribute their own feed; return nutrients to the soil, and help to control weeds, thus minimising mechanical interventions and costs of fuel. Grazing management is the key to the efficiency of this system; the grassland is […]

Shifting cultivation and agrobiodiversity in Vanuatu

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In Vanuatu, farmers prefer to work numerous small fields in different locations and as a mechanism to cope with hurricane and pest damage. Shifting cultivation, a widespread cultivation system in the tropics, is also practiced and helps to maintain a high diversity of primary and subsidiary crops. 297 fields in 6 villages were measured and […]

Retaining flexibility in Danish small-scale fisheries

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Family fishery operations are able to maintain flexibility through employing a number of different strategies. These include diversification of target species, gear types and fishing areas, buffering income uncertainties with supplier credits, diversifying into other types of employment or wage labor, and drawing upon community networks for cheap and unpaid assistance during times of need.

The contribution of genetic resources and diversity to wheat production in the Punjab of Pakistan

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The effects of wheat genetic diversity and other associated indicators are incorporated into a production-function analysis to estimate the effects on the mean and variance, while controlling for various production inputs in Northern Pakistan.  Variables related to genetic resources and diversity of wheat varieties are monitored in irrigated and rainfed districts between 1979 and 1985. Their […]

Benefits of Tithonia in Western Kenya

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In Western Kenya, about 4000 farmers are enriching their farms with biomass from Tithonia, a wild sunflower that grows abundantly in hedgerows and along roadsides. Tithonia biomass contains high concentrations of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, and decomposes rapidly. This has led to tremendous impacts on yields of maize and other high value crops such as […]

Agroforestry Alternatives and Farmer Profitability

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Agroforestry can provide alternatives to slash and burn agriculture at tropical forest margins in subhumid tropical Africa.  The trade-offs between carbon sequestration and farmer profitability may provide additional options to policy makers. Agroforestry practices can sequester 57Mg C per ha, three times that of croplands or grasslands are able to do. Soil nutrient capital is being […]