Enhancing tilapia polycultures through better farm scale integration in Bangladesh

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Linkages between the fish ponds and surrounding land for horticulture are a distinctive feature of farming households in Bangladesh. It was hypothesised that integration of fish ponds in integrated farming system enhances livelihoods and reduces poverty. The effects of introducing tilapia into existing integrated farming systems on the broader pond-dike system and associated livelihoods in […]

Shifting from cattle ranching to Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems in Amazonia

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A grazing system based on one species (Brachiaria brizantha, representing 90% of sown grass in Amazoni)  with Nelore zebu cattle, is adapted to marginal regions with little need for inputs, but income per hectare remains low. Integrated Crop and Livestock Systems in Amazonia can generate higher income per ha and stop deforestation. The system, which involves […]

Artisanal fisheries for small pelagic species in West Java, Indonesia

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On the South Java Coast, individuals switch between rice-farming, tree-crops and fishing to respond to dynamic seasonal and inter-annual variations in fish availability

Adoption of Aquaculture Boosts Household Income and Consumption

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  Aquaculture is the fastest growing food producing sub-sector in the world, particularly in developing countries, with total aquaculture production nearly tripling between 1987 and 1999. In Asia, widespread adoption of aquaculture on traditional farms have demonstrated improved productivity, and additional sources of income and nutrition for the household. Aquaculture contributes to food and nutritional […]

Benefits of Tithonia in Western Kenya

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In Western Kenya, about 4000 farmers are enriching their farms with biomass from Tithonia, a wild sunflower that grows abundantly in hedgerows and along roadsides. Tithonia biomass contains high concentrations of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, and decomposes rapidly. This has led to tremendous impacts on yields of maize and other high value crops such as […]

Agroforestry Alternatives and Farmer Profitability

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Agroforestry can provide alternatives to slash and burn agriculture at tropical forest margins in subhumid tropical Africa.  The trade-offs between carbon sequestration and farmer profitability may provide additional options to policy makers. Agroforestry practices can sequester 57Mg C per ha, three times that of croplands or grasslands are able to do. Soil nutrient capital is being […]

The Role of Soil Microbes in Drought Recovery

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The contribution of soil microbial diversity to agricultural resilience is often overlooked, mostly because it is understudied in most regions of the world. However, plant-growth-promoting microbes (PGPM) such as rhizobia, actinomycetes, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AM) and trichoderma are increasingly recognized for their roles in improving plant growth through the mobilization of scarce nutrients, hormonal action, and […]

Cattle Fattening in Mixed Production Systems Improves Incomes in the Philippines

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This paper highlights the objectives, methodology and results of a series of on-farm experiments on crop-animal systems in the rainfed lowland environment. Starting with simple component technology research on rice and upland crops, the cropping pattern at the on-farm site changed from a dominant rice – fallow to a rice – mungbean pattern. Subsequent trials […]

Aquaculture for African Smallholders

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In drought prone Malawi, integrated fishponds on farms had the effect of improving household incomes by an average of 600%. Ponds could yield up to 1500 kg/ha/yr of tilapia. Fish polycultures can significantly improve pond productivity when fish with complimentary diets are cultured together.    

Poverty reduction in coconut growing communities.

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The Asian Development Bank and Bioversity’s International Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) partnered in an endeavour linking PGR conservation and poverty reduction in eight Asia Pacific countries to prove that “coconut farmers need not be poor”.  The project consisted of developing, deploying, testing and promoting promising coconut-based income-generating technologies in poor coconut growing communities to increase income and reduce […]