Enhancing tilapia polycultures through better farm scale integration in Bangladesh

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Linkages between the fish ponds and surrounding land for horticulture are a distinctive feature of farming households in Bangladesh. It was hypothesised that integration of fish ponds in integrated farming system enhances livelihoods and reduces poverty. The effects of introducing tilapia into existing integrated farming systems on the broader pond-dike system and associated livelihoods in […]

Genetic resources of Neuquen criollo goats in Patagonia

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Neuquén are small, hardy goats raised by small-scale herders in a transhumance system under cold, semi-arid conditions. Their area is contiguous with Chile which, until border closure, was a source of genetic exchange as well as a major market for goat products. Herder families are now settled while herds continue to migrate on their transhumance […]

System of Rice Intensification increases output while reducing inputs

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The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is becoming widely adopted in many African and Asian countries because, compared with standard rice management (SRM), it consistently achieves increases in output alongside reductions in inputs of seeds, agrochemicals, water, energy and labour. SRI uses specific crop and water management practices that favour aerobic soil environment, root growth […]

Rotations for sustainable production in Bedfordshire, UK

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The Colworth Farm Project in Bedfordshire, UK, is part of the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative of the consumer goods company Unilever. From 1999 to 2006, a 60-ha section of the farm was used as an experimental station. The aim of the project was to develop sustainable production systems for peas and oilseed rape within a six-year […]

Operation Pollinator: establishing and managing pollen-rich habitats

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Operation Pollinator is an international 5-year biodiversity programme initiated by the agro-business company Syngenta. The programme aims to boost the number of pollinating insects on commercial farms by creating specific habitats, tailored to local conditions and native insects. Operation Pollinator is informed by scientific research and experience of selected farmers, and has helped growers to […]

Landscape scale coordination to promote functional biodiversity for pest regulation in Belgium

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The SOLABIO project brought together 27 stakeholders from Flemish and Dutch provinces to prevent loss of biodiveristy and the degradation of valuable landscapes, through a wide range of activities. These included: targeting crop and non-crop habitats, including the establishment of field margins; planting of annual flower strips to attract natural enemies and pollinators, and grassy […]

Utilizing functional agrobiodiversity for pest control in the Netherlands

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The Hoeksche Waard is a 26,500 ha area of polder south of the city of Rotterdam in The Netherlands.The main objective of farmers is to become less dependent on the use of (synthetic) insecticides by strength- ening the ecosystem service of pest control. To this end, annual and perennial field margins have been established, scouting of […]

Agrobiodiversity of maize landraces in cultural landscapes

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Landraces of major food plants, such as maize, provide agroecological and consumption resources within cultural landscapes that can support social-ecological resilience, in situ conservation, and ecosystem services. Locally This study addressed the major agroecological functions and food-related services of agrobiodiversity in Andean maize landraces, and their relationship to cultural landscapes and associated knowledge systems. Results […]

Crop-Livestock Management in Slopeland areas of the Philippines

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In the Philippines, cropland makes up a third of the total land area – nearly 2/3s of the land area is upland and erosion prone. These croplands have been trditionally monocrops of rice, corn, sugarcane and coconut. Approximately 60% of the land is considered eroded and the country continues losing soil at the rate of […]

Mycorrhizal enhancement in Peruvian potato production

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The influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) [two Peruvian mixed isolates, a pure isolate of Glomus intraradices] and the flavonoid, formononetin, were tested on growth, yield, and leaf elemental concentration of the Peruvian potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) ‘Yungay’. Non-AMF plants at low P had the poorest growth, while high P plants had the greatest overall […]