Sustainable rice-wheat production

Turbo_Happy_Seeder_IRRI zero_tillage_IRRIzero_till_multicrop_planter_IRRI

In the 1990's, the Rice-Wheat Consortium was launched to address a plateau in crop productivity, loss of soil organic matter and receding groundwater tables. Rice-wheat farming systems were developed, planting wheat after rice using a tractor-drawn seed drill to seed directly into unploughed fields with a single pass.

Zero tillage wheat permits earlier planting, helps to control weeds and helps to conserve resources such as irrigated water and energy.

Cost savings are estimated at $52 USD/ HA, because of a reduction in tractor time and fuel. The system has been adopted by ~620,000 farmers across 1.8million ha in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Average income gains are between $180-$240 per household.


IFPRI. 2010. Zero tillage in the rice-wheat systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plains: A review of impacts and sustainability implications, by O. Erenstein. In D.J. Spielman & R. Pandya-Lorch, eds. Proven successes in agricultural development: A technical compendium to millions fed. Washington, DC.
Indo Gangetic Plain
Farming Systems
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