System of Rice Intensification increases output while reducing inputs

World Region
,
Outcomes
,
Interventions
, ,

The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is becoming widely adopted in many African and Asian countries because, compared with standard rice management (SRM), it consistently achieves increases in output alongside reductions in inputs of seeds, agrochemicals, water, energy and labour. SRI uses specific crop and water management practices that favour aerobic soil environment, root growth […]

Crop-Livestock Management in Slopeland areas of the Philippines

World Region
Interventions
, ,

In the Philippines, cropland makes up a third of the total land area – nearly 2/3s of the land area is upland and erosion prone. These croplands have been trditionally monocrops of rice, corn, sugarcane and coconut. Approximately 60% of the land is considered eroded and the country continues losing soil at the rate of […]

Silvics as a strategy to maintain and enhance adaptive capacity of forest trees

World Region
Outcomes
, , ,
Interventions

Enhancing the adaptive capacity of natural and planted forests is important to decrease the vulnerability of those whose livelihoods depend on forest goods and services. Management for adaptation also helps to reinforce the role of tropical forests in climate change mitigation through sequestration, whereas large scale die-offs of poorly adapted forest trees could actually shift […]

Local varieties and high yielding cultivars co-exist in traditional farming systems

World Region
, ,
Outcomes
, ,
Interventions
,

In situ conservation is an important strategy to maintain traditional and locally adapted varieties, particularly in their centers of domestication. Local farmers in different regions have demonstrated that landraces can coexist with high yielding varieties, particulary in highly heterogenous environments and cultures with local preferences for diversity. Particularly in centers of crop domestication and diversity, […]

Evaluating Social and Ecological Vulnerability of Coral Reef Fisheries to Climate Change

World Region

Kenya is at the frontline of climate change, and experienced unprecendented temperatures leading to widespread coral bleaching in the El-Nino events of 1998.  Furthermore, coastal Kenyans are highly dependent upon marine resources for livelihoods, although marine resources are subjected to a wide range of governance mechanisms ranging from community managed fishery enclosures to large govnernment […]

Farmer to Farmer Networks Facilitate the Spread of Green Manure

World Region
Threat
Outcomes
,
Interventions
,

In Nicaragua, the spread of simple technologies through farmer to farmer networks such as the campesino a campesino movement have facilitated the recovery of degraded land. In the San Juan Watershed, farmers have adopted cover cropping with velvetbean.  This has reduced utilization of chemical fertilizers by nearly 80% (from 1,900 kg/ha to only 400 kg/ha), while increasing […]

Agroforestry Alternatives and Farmer Profitability

World Region
Threat
Outcomes
, ,
Interventions
, ,

Agroforestry can provide alternatives to slash and burn agriculture at tropical forest margins in subhumid tropical Africa.  The trade-offs between carbon sequestration and farmer profitability may provide additional options to policy makers. Agroforestry practices can sequester 57Mg C per ha, three times that of croplands or grasslands are able to do. Soil nutrient capital is being […]

Cattle Fattening in Mixed Production Systems Improves Incomes in the Philippines

World Region
Threat
Outcomes
Interventions
, ,

This paper highlights the objectives, methodology and results of a series of on-farm experiments on crop-animal systems in the rainfed lowland environment. Starting with simple component technology research on rice and upland crops, the cropping pattern at the on-farm site changed from a dominant rice – fallow to a rice – mungbean pattern. Subsequent trials […]

Cover Crops in Hillside Agriculture: Farmer Innovation with Mucuna

World Region
Threat
Outcomes
,
Interventions

Cover crops have received considerable attention as a approach in increasing productivity and sustainability in agricultural systems in the developing world. The velvetbean (Mucuna pruriens) is particularly important amongst cover crops because it is widely planted, reasonably tolerant to a number of stresses, prolific in its leaf litter, and even used as a minor crop, despite […]

Poverty reduction in coconut growing communities.

World Region
Threat
Outcomes
, , ,
Interventions
,

The Asian Development Bank and Bioversity’s International Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) partnered in an endeavour linking PGR conservation and poverty reduction in eight Asia Pacific countries to prove that “coconut farmers need not be poor”.  The project consisted of developing, deploying, testing and promoting promising coconut-based income-generating technologies in poor coconut growing communities to increase income and reduce […]