Enhancing tilapia polycultures through better farm scale integration in Bangladesh

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Linkages between the fish ponds and surrounding land for horticulture are a distinctive feature of farming households in Bangladesh. It was hypothesised that integration of fish ponds in integrated farming system enhances livelihoods and reduces poverty. The effects of introducing tilapia into existing integrated farming systems on the broader pond-dike system and associated livelihoods in […]

Fish farming and food security in Central Cameroon

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Over 5 years of participatory on-farm research, market access, profitability, farming systems productivity and economic sustainability were compared on 100 small-scale farms in Central Cameroon. Integration technology based on the use of agricultural by-products as fishpond inputs was the driver for intensification. Over all farms, fishpond productivity increased from 498 kg to 1609 kg fish/ha […]

Crop-Livestock Management in Slopeland areas of the Philippines

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In the Philippines, cropland makes up a third of the total land area – nearly 2/3s of the land area is upland and erosion prone. These croplands have been trditionally monocrops of rice, corn, sugarcane and coconut. Approximately 60% of the land is considered eroded and the country continues losing soil at the rate of […]

Removal of lianas through Reduced Impact Logging can minimize harvest impacts

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Long term increases in liana abundance have been recorded in many undisturbed neotropical forests; lianas are also a characteristic feature of disturbed and secondary forests. Changes have been attributed to faster growth following heightened atmospheric carbon levels and ambient temperatures. Lianas create obstacles in the harvest of forest trees and generally lead to greater levels […]

Silvics as a strategy to maintain and enhance adaptive capacity of forest trees

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Enhancing the adaptive capacity of natural and planted forests is important to decrease the vulnerability of those whose livelihoods depend on forest goods and services. Management for adaptation also helps to reinforce the role of tropical forests in climate change mitigation through sequestration, whereas large scale die-offs of poorly adapted forest trees could actually shift […]

Shifting from cattle ranching to Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems in Amazonia

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A grazing system based on one species (Brachiaria brizantha, representing 90% of sown grass in Amazoni)  with Nelore zebu cattle, is adapted to marginal regions with little need for inputs, but income per hectare remains low. Integrated Crop and Livestock Systems in Amazonia can generate higher income per ha and stop deforestation. The system, which involves […]

Shifting cultivation and agrobiodiversity in Vanuatu

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In Vanuatu, farmers prefer to work numerous small fields in different locations and as a mechanism to cope with hurricane and pest damage. Shifting cultivation, a widespread cultivation system in the tropics, is also practiced and helps to maintain a high diversity of primary and subsidiary crops. 297 fields in 6 villages were measured and […]

Adoption of Aquaculture Boosts Household Income and Consumption

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  Aquaculture is the fastest growing food producing sub-sector in the world, particularly in developing countries, with total aquaculture production nearly tripling between 1987 and 1999. In Asia, widespread adoption of aquaculture on traditional farms have demonstrated improved productivity, and additional sources of income and nutrition for the household. Aquaculture contributes to food and nutritional […]

Reducing Soil Erosion through Agroecology: Plan Sierra

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In the central cordillera of the Dominican Republic, Plan Sierra was implemented in order to improve yields and reduce erosion to ensure the self-sufficiency of small scale farmers and sustainability and development of production systems. The system consisted of several farming methods, including soil and water conservation practicing like terracing, alley cropping, and mulching, use […]

Poverty reduction in coconut growing communities.

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The Asian Development Bank and Bioversity’s International Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) partnered in an endeavour linking PGR conservation and poverty reduction in eight Asia Pacific countries to prove that “coconut farmers need not be poor”.  The project consisted of developing, deploying, testing and promoting promising coconut-based income-generating technologies in poor coconut growing communities to increase income and reduce […]