What must we do to gain wider acceptance of participatory agricultural research (PAR) methods within the mainstream of the CGIAR system and beyond? This was one of the topics of discussion at the PARADE workshop. Professor Paul Sillitoe (Department of Anthropology, Durham University) believes the answer to the question will in no small part depend on addressing some of the deep-seated contradictions within development discourse. Pr. Sillitoe outlined the deeply entrenched incongruities that PAR practitioners must resolve, or at least acknowledge. The list is long (17 points in all), which underscores how deeply conflicted our discourse is.