Conference: Agro biodiversity and the food sovereignty – Pamir, Tajikistan

Report on International Conference on Agrobiodiversity

From June 5th to 7th, 2011, over 50 participants among farmers, scientists and representatives of public organizations, local communities, experts from international organizations and state authorities from Mountain – Badahshan Autonomous Region of Republic Tajikistan, took part in an international forum on agrobiodiversity and food sovereignty in Pamir.

The event was organized by Hukumat of Mountain – Badahshan Autonomous Region of Republic Tajikistan, Christensen Fund and Fund Aha Khan in Republic of Tajikistan.

Kurbonali Partoev- Ph.D., director of  NGO “Cooperation for development, Tajikistan, tells that, according to scientists and experts from Tajikistan, the region’s inhabitants have been dedicating themselves to agriculture, which has always been the main source of existence, and to agricultural development.

The region’s land is very rich in biodiversity, having today more than 23300 kinds of representatives of flora and fauna.
Yet, for anthropogenous reasons and other threats, there is a risk of 226 kinds of plants and 162 kinds of animals that they’ll disappear.

As Partorev says, participants from Kyrgyzstan at the conference expressed their concern about their country’s biodiversity, since some valuable old local grades fruit and forage crops are disappearing and land is degrading.

According to the participants, in order to preserve and increase biodiversity, it is necessary to strengthen activity by training local communities and farmers on the crucial role of agrobiodiversity for their lives; by creating the conditions to preserve biodiversity (nurseries, seeds fund collection, museums); by strengthening communication and information between farmers and scientists; by introducing innovative methods in agriculture; by allowing farmers to exchange experiences and knowledge and lastly, by involving both local and international investment.

Though, according to the received information, in Tajikistan there still are more than 4 thousand samples of plants, fruit and fodder, used both for industrial and scientific purposes, which are precious for the country and its rich biodiversity and therefore have to be preserved.