Uganda

Uganda is located in East Africa and  towards west of Kenya. The geographic coordinates for Uganda are between 1 00 N, 32 00 E. The total land area is 236,040 sq km, which includes 36,330 sq km of water and 199,710 sq km of land.  The land boundries of the country is 2,698 km and the boardering countries are Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan and Tanzania.

Climate: The climate of Uganda is tropical, generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August), and semi-arid in north-west.

Terrain: Terrain is mostly plateau with rim on mountains.

Elevation extremes: Lowest point is at 621 m at Lake Albert, and highest point is at 5,110 m at Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley.

Land use pattern: The land use pattern is: Arable land = 25%; Permanent crops = 9%; and others = 66%. The total land under irrigation is only 90 sq km.

Ethnic groups: Uganda has several ethnic groups and includes: Baganda (17%), Ankole (8%), Basoga (8%), Iteso (4%), Bakiga (7%), Langi (4%), Rwanda (6%), Bagisu (5%), Acholi (4%), Lugbara (4%), Batoro (3%), Bunyoro (3%), Alur (2%), Bagwere (2%), Bakonjo (2%), Jopodhola (2%), Karamojong (2%), Rundi (2%), etc.

Details of site description:

Bushenyi:

Located in South western Uganda. The region receives two rain seasons, one from March to May and the second from August to October. The average temperature is 250 C to 300CThe major ethinic tribe is the Banyankole. Other tribes in the region include, Bakiga and Banyarwanda. Banyankole are traditionally agro-pastrolists. In the wetter parts of the region where the project site is located, farmers are more oriented to growing bananas for the market in the capital city of Kampala. The major food crops are bananas and beans. The farmers here are very articulate in the management of their banana crop that a drive through the area will give you the impression that it is a single plantation. There is high intra-specific diversity in both the bananas and the beans. Over forty cultivars of bananas have been recorded. In addition crops such as coffee, cassava, peas , pumpkins, potatoes, yams and vanilla are part of the farming system.

About 40% of the f arms range between 1 and 2.5 ha, 35% range between 2.6 and 5 ha. Only about 6% of the farms are over 10ha. The average family size is 6-10 persons. About 50% of the population in the area has primary education level.

Luwero:

Located in Central Uganda. This area has a history of civil strife during the period of the 1980s. During this period communities were displaced, many home heads, teenagers and children dyed. This lad to a general set back from which the families are still struggling to pull out from. Two rain seasons are experienced one from March to May and the second from August to October. The average temperature is 250 C to 300C. The main ethnic group is Baganda. Bananas and beans are the traditional staple for this area but the pest/disease, soil nutrition and perhaps other factors not yet well understood have led to very poor banana production. Root crops such as cassava and sweet potatoes have replaced bananas although the yields are also not that impressive. There is no single enterprise that you may call the major and well organized cash earner. However, crops such as passion fruits, pineapples, vegetables, vanilla and coffee are grown. Coffee used to be the major cash crop but due to he coffee wilt disease most of the plantations have been seriously affected. 

Uganda is located in East Africa and  towards west of Kenya. The geographic coordinates for Uganda are between 1 00 N, 32 00 E. The total land area is 236,040 sq km, which includes 36,330 sq km of water and 199,710 sq km of land.  The land boundries of the country is 2,698 km and the boardering countries are Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan and Tanzania.

Climate: The climate of Uganda is tropical, generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August), and semi-arid in north-west.

Terrain: Terrain is mostly plateau with rim on mountains.

Elevation extremes: Lowest point is at 621 m at Lake Albert, and highest point is at 5,110 m at Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley.

Land use pattern: The land use pattern is: Arable land = 25%; Permanent crops = 9%; and others = 66%. The total land under irrigation is only 90 sq km.

Ethnic groups: Uganda has several ethnic groups and includes: Baganda (17%), Ankole (8%), Basoga (8%), Iteso (4%), Bakiga (7%), Langi (4%), Rwanda (6%), Bagisu (5%), Acholi (4%), Lugbara (4%), Batoro (3%), Bunyoro (3%), Alur (2%), Bagwere (2%), Bakonjo (2%), Jopodhola (2%), Karamojong (2%), Rundi (2%), etc.

 

Details of site description:

 

Bushenyi:

 

Located in South western Uganda. The region receives two rain seasons, one from March to May and the second from August to October. The average temperature is 250 C to 300CThe major ethinic tribe is the Banyankole. Other tribes in the region include, Bakiga and Banyarwanda. Banyankole are traditionally agro-pastrolists. In the wetter parts of the region where the project site is located, farmers are more oriented to growing bananas for the market in the capital city of Kampala. The major food crops are bananas and beans. The farmers here are very articulate in the management of their banana crop that a drive through the area will give you the impression that it is a single plantation. There is high intra-specific diversity in both the bananas and the beans. Over forty cultivars of bananas have been recorded. In addition crops such as coffee, cassava, peas , pumpkins, potatoes, yams and vanilla are part of the farming system.

 

About 40% of the f arms range between 1 and 2.5 ha, 35% range between 2.6 and 5 ha. Only about 6% of the farms are over 10ha. The average family size is 6-10 persons. About 50% of the population in the area has primary education level.

 

 

Luwero:

 

Located in Central Uganda. This area has a history of civil strife during the period of the 1980s. During this period communities were displaced, many home heads, teenagers and children dyed. This lad to a general set back from which the families are still struggling to pull out from. Two rain seasons are experienced one from March to May and the second from August to October. The average temperature is 250 C to 300C. The main ethnic group is Baganda. Bananas and beans are the traditional staple for this area but the pest/disease, soil nutrition and perhaps other factors not yet well understood have led to very poor banana production. Root crops such as cassava and sweet potatoes have replaced bananas although the yields are also not that impressive. There is no single enterprise that you may call the major and well organized cash earner. However, crops such as passion fruits, pineapples, vegetables, vanilla and coffee are grown. Coffee used to be the major cash crop but due to he coffee wilt disease most of the plantations have been seriously affected.