Featured, News, Organisations, Publications

Tree Crops as an Adaptation to Climate Variability: Cases in China, Nepal, and Pakistan

March 27th, 2012 | Source: Juliet Lu, Su Yufang, Sujata Manandhar, Ashiq Ahmad, Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB)

This chapter, in the new released International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) publication ‘Role of Policy and Institutions in Local Adaptation to Climate Change: Case studies on responses to too much and too little water in the Hindu Kush Himalayas’ documents the results of three case studies completed in China, Nepal, and Pakistan. It examines the significance of trees on farms in creating resilient livelihoods at the household level. It also examines to what extent current policy frameworks support the use of trees in enhancing the adaptive capacity of agricultural communities and production systems.

A brief insight:

Changes in climate and weather patterns are having a dramatic impact on ecosystem-based livelihoods, especially in agriculture, a key source of income for all countries in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. One factor contributing to household vulnerability is the use of monoculture production systems, which lead to reliance on one crop for income. Agricultural diversification, particularly when undertaken in relation to environmental or economic risks, has the potential to increase household adaptive capacity under climate change (Smit and Skinner 2002) and contribute to agro-biodiversity and the sustenance of vital functions, structures, and processes in agroecosystems (Mijatovic et al. 2011).

The integration of trees into cultivated land, or agro-forestry, is one approach to agricultural diversification that has been shown to provide a range of potential benefits. Agro-forestry systems are a tool for income diversification and can benefit ecosystem service provision. Many tree varieties are resilient to various forms of climate-related stress. (…)

Full citation: Lu J., Yufang S., Manandhar S., Ahmad A. 2012. Tree Crops as an Adaptation to Climate Variability: Cases in China, Nepal, and Pakistan. In:  Shrestha Pradhan N., Khadgi V.R., Schipper L., Kaur N., Geoghegan T. (Eds.) 2012. Role of Policy and Institutions in Local Adaptation to Climate Change: Case studies on responses to too much and too little water in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). Kathmandu, Nepal.