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The impact of climate change on countries’ interdependence on genetic resources for food and agriculture

December 14th, 2010

Fujisaka, S., Williams, D. and M. Halewood. 2010. The Impact of Climate Change on Countries’ Interdependence on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. An Executive Summary. Bioversity International, Rome, Italy. 4 pp.

The System-wide Genetic Resources Programme (SGRP) of the CGIAR coordinated the development of a Background Study Paper entitled ‘The Impact of Climate Change on Countries’ Interdependence on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture’ for the Twelfth Session of the FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The purpose of the paper was to contribute to the Commission’s consideration of policies and arrangements for access and benefit-sharing for genetic resources for food and agriculture.

This paper investigates the impact that climate change will have on countries’ interdependence on genetic resources for food and agriculture. The extent of countries’ interdependence on categories or sectors of genetic resources is an important consideration when evaluating and/or developing policies and norms oriented to the conservation, management, access to and use of such resources.

The fact that the rate of climate change will likely exceed many organisms’ adaptive capacity is a common denominator for all of the sectors studied. The case is most strongly made with respect to crops and forage varieties, animal breeds, and tree populations. Internationally coordinated efforts involving international movements of germplasm and associated information will be critical for countries’ to be able to meet the challenges associated with climate change. It is critically important for policy makers to keep increasing interdependence on GRFA in mind when developing policies concerning the conditions under which genetic resources are conserved, managed, accessed and used, and the ways in which benefits derived from their use are shared.

Read a related post with a link to the full paper and a presentation here.

The full paper can also be found in Delicious.

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