Landscapes around the world are undergoing simplification due to changing patterns of land use, which can result in a reduction of agrobiodiversity and ecosystem functions. Land-use decisions that take into consideration the experiences of indigenous and rural communities and their management of agrobiodiversity are more likely to sustain delivery of ecosystem services, increase adaptation options and strengthen resilience to climate change.
In this booklet, we present the results of an interdisciplinary research project in eight biocultural landscapes undertaken by the Platform for Agrobiodiversity Research (PAR) in collaboration with local partners and communities from around the world. The aim of the project was to illustrate the importance of including agrobiodiversity in land-use decisions. The project brought together young researchers with different backgrounds, including sociologists, biologists and geographers, with expertise in various areas that were of relevance to this study such as participatory mapping, animal and crop diversity, agroecology and resilience.